2ndlook

People for Profit – The NGO story

Posted in Business, Current Affairs, Environment, European History, Feminist Issues, History, India, Media, politics, Religion by Anuraag Sanghi on November 22, 2010

(Cartoon courtesy - http://www.bihartimes.in). Click for larger image.

(Cartoon courtesy - http://www.bihartimes.in). Click for larger image.

Funding India NGOs

Something very strange is happening. There are some 33 lakh (3.3 million) NGOs, operating in India – for the 20 crore (200 million) odd families in India. That would be one NGO for every 70 families.

These mushrooming NGOs are getting billions of US$ in funding. Recently,

Statistics released by the home ministry regarding ‘foreign funds to NGOs’ show that India, which has a total of 33,937 registered associations, received Rs 12,289.63 crore in foreign contributions during 2006-07 as against Rs 7,877.57 crore in 2005-06, a substantial increase of nearly Rs 4,400 crore (56%) in just one year.

The US, Germany, the UK, Switzerland and Italy were the top five foreign contributors during 2006-07. These five countries have consistently been the big donors since 2004-05. Spain, the Netherlands, Belgium, Canada and France are the other countries which figure prominently in the list of foreign donors. (read more via Foreign funds to Indian NGOs soar, Pak among donors-India-The Times of India).

Foreign aid kitty - Table courtesy - Times of India

Foreign aid kitty - Table courtesy - Times of India.

What does this mean …

Rs 12,289.63 crore is roughly US$3 billion – based on average dollar value for 2008.

And that, is a lot of money.

That is more money than what the US Govt. gave as aid to more than the 100 poorest countries. Till a few years ago, India annual FDI was US$ 4 billion. Just a little more than the US$3 billion that India received as charity through various NGOs in 2008.

The total US Official Development Assistance to the whole of sub-Saharan Africa (more than 40 countries), in 2007, was “US$4.5 billion contributed bilaterally and an estimated $1.2 billion was contributed through multilateral organizations”.

What is the source of these funds …

The rich, the poor and the middle class in these ‘charitable countries’ are themselves deep in debt. Where are they getting the money from? Why are they being so liberal towards India? What is the source of these funds?

Where this money going …

Is it going as thinly disguised aid to Naxal affected areas – where some ‘Christian’ missionaries are working tosave’ the tribals? Is it going towards publicity for causes which are thinly disguised trade issues. For instance, child labour – which is, in many cases, a system of apprenticeship for traditional skills.

Or are these NGOs promoting policy frameworks which are distorting India’s social systems? The Population Myth /Problem /Explosion for instance was promoted for the first decade by Ford Foundation, the Carnegie Foundation and USAID. Are they behind the NGOs which are promoting Section 498 laws as a legal solution – a solution that ‘benefits’ about 5000 women and creates about 150,000 women as victims.

AIDS was the excuse to open doors. (Cartoonist - Godfrey Mwampembwa “Gado”; from Nairobi, Kenya; courtesy - http://www.pambazuka.org). Click for larger image.

AIDS was the excuse to open doors. (Cartoonist - Godfrey Mwampembwa “Gado”; from Nairobi, Kenya; courtesy - http://www.pambazuka.org). Click for larger image.

These are laws and policies which are undermining the Indian family system. Which country in the world has a stable family structure with such low divorce rates as India?

The Clintons, The Gates, The Turners, et al

The ‘progressive-liberal’ establishment of the West is viewed rather benignly in India – and seen as ‘well-wishers’ of India. Many such ideas are welcomed in India without analysis. These ideas are viewed positively, as the source of such initiatives is seen as well-intentioned. These rich money-bags in cahoots with the State’s propaganda machinery, the media and academia are creating false messiahs, hollow idols and instant saints.

St.Tony Judt - The media and academia in cahoots with the State (Cartoon by Pavel Constantin, Romania; Cartoon Courtesy - caglecartoons.com).

St.Tony Judt - The media and academia in cahoots with the State (Cartoon by Pavel Constantin, Romania; Cartoon Courtesy - caglecartoons.com).

The beatification of Saint Judt

The last 90 days saw a surge on obits, reviews and tributes to Tony Judt.

Tony who? Exactly.

An unknown writer till a few months ago, has suddenly become famous in his death. Media (at least in India) has gone overboard. But when Marathi media started on Tony Judt, it was high noon. The straw on the camel’s back.

OK, guilty of misrepresentation. Not the camel’ back! It was my back.

There seems an effort at beatification of Tony Judt. In the modern era, temporal authorities, award a quick Nobel Prize, pin a Congressional Medal of Honor – and the process of ‘secular’ sainthood is completed. Media aids by marching to the drumbeat of the State. These ‘secular’ sainthoods by the ‘modern-secular-liberal-progressive-democratic’ establishment are not meant to be enduring or important. They , the latter-day, disposable, ‘secular’ saints, serve a utilitarian purpose to their masters – the State.

Tony Judt is no exception.

How come 'modern' Western identities are not included by Tony Judt in his 'problem' list? (Cartoon By - Angel Boligan, Courtesy - Cagle Cartoons)

How come 'modern' Western identities are not included by Tony Judt in his 'problem' list? (Cartoon By - Angel Boligan, Courtesy - Cagle Cartoons)

From the safety of a university cloister

By being overtly anti-Israel, Tony Judt, gets an inside track into the Islāmic mind – to start his ideas of ‘identity’.

A self-confessed, Social Democrat (but that is not ‘identity’) Tony Judt is the type who speaks from the comfort of a winning side.

We know enough of ideological and political movements to be wary of exclusive solidarity in all its forms. One should keep one’s distance not only from the obviously unappealing “-isms”—fascism, jingoism, chauvinism—but also from the more seductive variety: communism, to be sure, but nationalism and Zionism too. And then there is national pride: more than two centuries after Samuel Johnson first made the point, patriotism—as anyone who passed the last decade in America can testify—is still the last refuge of the scoundrel. (read more via Edge People | The New York Review of Books).

As fortunes shifted and wavered, Tony Judt’s recounts how his family moved from one declining economy to another growing economy. From Eastern Europe, vaguely in a region near Russia, to Antwerp in Belgium, thereon to Britain, and finally to the USA. He finds

over the years these fierce unconditional loyalties—to a country, a God, an idea, or a man—have come to terrify me. The thin veneer of civilization rests upon what may well be an illusory faith in our common humanity.

The West has systematically deformed Islamic identity - after dismantling the Ottoman Empire. (Cartoonist - Paresh Nath, Published by - The National Herald, India)

The West has systematically deformed Islamic identity - after dismantling the Ottoman Empire. (Cartoonist - Paresh Nath, Published by - The National Herald, India)

To people like Tony Judt, identity is a matter of convenience. And they rightly, recommend that people must have no identity – and by extension, no loyalty. Fly flags of convenience. May the highest bidder win.

I wonder where Judt’s family was, when the Belgians were flogging the Congolese.

Sainthood by the Vatican

The ‘modern’ State and the media of the Free World have it easy when it comes to cannonising people like Tony Judt!

The Catholic Church has a rather exacting process, stretching over a few years, at the very least. The Catholic Church even appoints a Devil’s Advocate – someone who tries to find reasons why the candidate should NOT be declared a saint.

This process has sometimes taken decades too. After multiple processes and steps, a committee. the Congregation for the Causes of Saints decides on these issues. With the kind of rigour that the Vatican process follows, Saints have ‘public memory’ life span extending to centuries.

The perversion of the Islamic world started with the break up of the Ottoman Empire (Cartoon By - Emad Hajjaj, Jordan; Cartoon Courtesy - caglecartoons.com)

The perversion of the Islamic world started with the break up of the Ottoman Empire (Cartoon By - Emad Hajjaj, Jordan; Cartoon Courtesy - caglecartoons.com)

Coming to Saint Judt

Today when the West is paying the price for creating a misshapen Islāmic identity, people like Judt thinly speak out against identity – an Islāmic identity. Or when the West faces a challenge from Asia, China and India, it pays to talk of less identity.

This idea of less identity would not be such a bad idea – if you have so little of identity, to start with!

Remember trojan horses

A ‘tolerant’ and ‘open’ society like India can be a complacent victim to trojan horses – and ‘secular’ saints like Tony Judt. Another article a few weeks ago gave an overview of the NGO ‘economy’.

In many ways, (the) metamorphosis from a modest, village-level, kurta-pyjama clad activist into a well-heeled, suited-booted, city slicker whose voice is heard in high places, mirrors the changing face of India’s burgeoning voluntary sector. Once the preserve of the humble jholawallah, the ‘third sector’ of the Indian economy is now teeming with smart men and women, armed with management degrees, laptops and huge funds generated by a liberalised and booming economy. As the state retreats in an era of privatisation, new-generation NGOs have moved in to fill the vacuum, often doing what the government used to do in rural areas and urban slums or conducting advocacy programmes for policy interventions, even holding skill-building workshops to update small voluntary groups. Their activities are vast and varied and bear little resemblance to the sweetly charitable work of the silent, selfless grassroots workers of the ’70s and the ’80s.

The growth of the sector has been explosive in the past two decades, both in numbers and financial resources. First, the numbers. If the findings of a survey conducted by the Central Statistical Organisation of the ministry of statistics in 2008 are to be believed, there are as many as 3. 3 million NGOs registered in India. In other words, there is one NGO for every 400 Indians. No other country in the world boasts of such huge numbers in the third sector. However, this mind-boggling figure should be taken with a pinch of salt, as even the CSO report has acknowledged that many are probably defunct. But, as Sanjay Agarwal, a chartered accountant who works with several NGOs, said, “At least the CSO has tried to shine a light where there was darkness all these years. No one has ever tried to collate any kind of data on the voluntary sector. “

The CSO report then is a starting point and its data is revealing. It found that the big growth spurt has happened since 1991. As many as 30 per cent of the 3. 3 million NGOs were registered in the decade of the ’90s and 45 per cent more came up after the year 2000. While religious organisations and charities were the most commonly registered societies in the period before 1970, there was a phenomenal expansion in social service organisations after 1991 – as much as a 40 per cent increase, according to the CSO report.

It is significant that the phenomenal expansion of the voluntary sector coincides with the opening up of the economy and its rapid growth. India was changing as it privatised and globalised, and the changes saw NGOs blooming in thousands as civil society matured and began asserting itself. Nothing underscores their growing influence more than enforcement of the Right to Information Act and the National Rural Employment Generation Act, both of which were products of pressure from civil society organisations.

Yet, despite such unprecedented growth, there has been little or no effort to map the voluntary sector or streamline it for transparency. It remains opaque, with questionable accountability levels, leaving it vulnerable to scams and scandals and the inevitable public suspicion about sources and utilisation of funds. Because of the lack of comprehensive data, even estimates about the financial size of the sector vary. One figure is as high as Rs 75, 000 crore annually, but Rajesh Tandon, president of PRIA (Society for Participatory Research in Asia), a leading mega NGO that works with a host of smaller ones, puts the amount of money available to this sector at around Rs 40, 000 crore per year.

Most of the funding comes from domestic sources, of which the government is the largest donor. However, foreign donations make up a significant portion of the financial resources available to NGOs. Unfortunately, here too, despite a Foreign Contributions Regulation Act, no authentic figures are available, underlining the laxity that prevails in this sector. Home minister P Chidambaram told Parliament recently that the government recorded a figure of around Rs 10, 000 crore from foreign donations last year. He went on to add that this figure was grossly undervalued because nearly half the NGOs registered to receive foreign aid had not reported contributions they have received over the years. In other words, he said, foreign funding of the NGO sector could be as high as Rs 20, 000 crores.

The prevailing confusion and the lack of systems to track movement of funds have only served to tarnish the image of the voluntary sector, despite the good work that many of them do. As with every sector, there are good NGOs and bad NGOs. Unfortunately, the latter hog the headlines. Scams are aplenty, particularly when it comes to the disbursement of government money. The rural development ministry’s main funding agency, which also happens to be the biggest government donor, CAPART (Council for Advancement of People’s Action and Rural Technology ), fell into disrepute because of the high level of corruption in the department. (read more via People for Profit | Cover Story | Times Crest).

Vatican opposes abortion for a steady supply of targets? (cartoonist - Adam Zyglis; cartoon courtesy - www.adamzyglis.com.). Click for larger and original image.

Vatican opposes abortion for a steady supply of targets? (cartoonist - Adam Zyglis; cartoon courtesy - http://www.adamzyglis.com.). Click for larger and original image.

The hoax of this century

2ndlook tracked and collated the entire Climate change campaign, where

  1. Multiple PR agencies, NGOs were used and funded by the British, Norwegian and Australian Governments
  2. To mount a global campaign of ‘epic’ proportions
  3. To stampede the world into a regime of faceless and unaccountable bureaucrats -
  4. That would monitor nations, industry and economies of the world.

The campaign possibly even subverted the Maldives election campaign to propel a Trojan horse into the developing world camp. Nobel prizes were dangled in front of the Trinidad’s PM. A group of ‘Vulnerable 14′ was promoted to make proxy noises on behalf of the organizers of his climate change hoax.

The do-gooder industry

These NGOs under the garb of being do-gooders, soon end up showing their true colours. Whether its was the Climate change campaign, or the social-service sector, the do-gooder industry is dangerous idea.

A 62-year-old British national, who was arrested by the UK police on charges of sexually abusing several boys of a boarding school in Chennai over three years from September 2003, is likely to walk free in a fortnight because of a year-long delay on the part of Indian authorities in assisting the probe. (read more via UK paedophile may walk free-Chennai-Cities-The Times of India).

The do-good industry

An Australian do-gooder was arrested for sexually assaulting children of an orphanage in Puri. Powel Allen, an eye surgeon employed with the orphanage for the past four years, was arrested in Vishakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh). Sometime back, two other orphanage administrators, and alleged pedophiles, Duncan Grant and Allan John Waters were convicted (their conviction is now under appeal-review).

What do the supposed beneficiaries get? A lot of 'wind' ...(Cartoonist - Godfrey Mwampembwa “Gado”; from Nairobi, Kenya; courtesy - http://www.pambazuka.org). Click for larger image.

What do the supposed beneficiaries get? A lot of 'wind' ...(Cartoonist - Godfrey Mwampembwa “Gado”; from Nairobi, Kenya; courtesy - http://www.pambazuka.org). Click for larger image.

Further back, Wilhelm and Lile Marti, a Swiss couple, again in the do-good industry, were granted bail in a pedophilia case. After bail, they promptly fled India.

Do we really need these do-gooders?

Mother Teresa, another do-gooder raised hundreds of crores in the name of Kolkatta’s poor, A few hundreds of the Kolkatta’s poor benefited from that money. But many missionaries rode on the backs of these poor Kolkattans, raising even more money. The PR machine of the Vatican has done a great job on this scam.

Create false alarums! (cartoon date - 2009/12/22; SeattlePI - (cartoon - Horsey) What's the take-away message?). Click for larger image.

Create false alarums! (cartoon date - 2009/12/22; SeattlePI - (cartoon - Horsey) What's the take-away message?). Click for larger image.

Even if India can’t take care of its poor, we don’t need these do-gooders!

Away!! Begone!

Should we say, ‘Get thee behind me, Satan!!’

They have problems at home

Spain has 400,000 prostitutes (for a population of 40 million) who ‘attract’ 15,00,000 clients every day. Some state the Spanish social system is in! Britain has 10,000 Muslim prisoners out 16,00,000 British Muslims . Quite a number of prisoners to have!

And these very countries had the temerity to ‘donate’ Indian NGOs a humungous US$3 billion (nearly) last year. May I suggest? Keep your money and keep your do-gooders at home.

Your need is greater than ours.

About these ads

24 Responses

Subscribe to comments with RSS.

  1. PS said, on November 22, 2010 at 6:13 pm

    Please get the math right before clumping the entire lot of NGOs in India and berating them. 33,937 registered associations translate to 33 *thousand* NGOs, not 33 *lakh*. Which would be one NGO for every 7,000 Indians. Still a bit high for my liking, but a far less alarming number.

    US$3 Billion is also a lot of money, yes, but please look at it in context. India’s GDP is what, around a trillion USD now? So the massive foreign aid that’s flowing in is 0.3% of the GDP of India. Oh, the horror.

    I’ve actually liked some of the previous articles at 2ndlook, and I grieve for the paranoid and alarmist tone that this article seems to take. A more sober look at foreign aid in India could’ve perhaps examined with more nuance as to how exponentially increasing foreign aid has derailed those legitimate non-governmental and community structure based organisations that were managing to do good work with limited resources.

    • Anuraag Sanghi said, on November 23, 2010 at 7:58 am

      Please get the math right before clumping the entire lot of NGOs in India and berating them. 33,937 registered associations translate to 33 *thousand* NGOs, not 33 *lakh*. Which would be one NGO for every 7,000 Indians. Still a bit high for my liking, but a far less alarming number.

      Please look at the excerpt linked in the post at the other study on the NGO sector which states “3. 3 million NGOs registered in India. In other words, there is one NGO for every 400 Indians”.

      Convert that to figure to the number of NGOs per family – and you will see that my math is right. Of course it goes without saying that among these 3.3 million there are registered, unregistered, functional, dysfunctional, constructive or malignant.

      But if Indian NGOs are getting huge amounts of money (which you agree with) why are these donors making a beeline for Indian NGOs. As a donor, given a choice, I would spend in Europe and USA itself, looking at conditions there.

      Followed by Africa. India would be poor third choice.

      US$3 Billion is also a lot of money, yes, but please look at it in context. India’s GDP is what, around a trillion USD now? So the massive foreign aid that’s flowing in is 0.3% of the GDP of India. Oh, the horror.

      I will repeat what I have said in the post – The total US Official Development Assistance to the whole of sub-Saharan Africa (more than 40 countries), in 2007, was “US$4.5 billion contributed bilaterally and an estimated $1.2 billion was contributed through multilateral organizations”. Now that is a horror. And it begs a question!

      I’ve actually liked some of the previous articles at 2ndlook, and I grieve for the paranoid and alarmist tone that this article seems to take.

      I will repeat what I said in the post – The ‘progressive-liberal’ establishment of the West is viewed rather benignly in India – and seen as ‘well-wishers’ of India. Many such ideas are welcomed in India without analysis. These ideas are viewed positively, as the source of such initiatives is seen as well-intentioned.

      A more sober look at foreign aid in India could’ve perhaps examined with more nuance as to how exponentially increasing foreign aid has derailed those legitimate non-governmental and community structure based organisations that were managing to do good work with limited resources.

      Maybe you would like to add this information and data to the work that NGOs are doing in India.

  2. PS said, on November 22, 2010 at 6:22 pm

    Oh wait. That’s one NGO for every 7,000 *families*. Or one NGO for every 30,000 Indians. I’m quite okay with that number. How about you?

    • Anuraag Sanghi said, on November 23, 2010 at 8:00 am

      Pls recheck the post. There are two excerpts. There are two different yardsticks used in the two reports. There are two different numbers.

  3. samadhyayi said, on November 24, 2010 at 6:10 am

    what are ngos. why are they running these micro finance corporations for money. who is vikram akula. why do the times of india articles support micro finance companies. that are getting free money from government to lend for profit.

    • Thomas said, on January 2, 2011 at 7:55 am

      why was the bank not lending to these poor people buddies? Whats wrong in taking profit and through this you can have SUSTAINABLE growth.

  4. samadhyayi said, on November 24, 2010 at 6:17 am

    i actually doubt that one can get aids only if one goes for checking.i think they inject the disease into you when you go for checkup. is there anyone here who can explain to us if aids is for real or not. there is an aids conspiracy on the internet. are u aware of it. all the technical info. dna, etc. they say hiv is not cause of aids. please explain. is aids real or not

  5. simplyrohit21 said, on December 5, 2010 at 1:22 pm

    Namaste Anuraag,

    I am consider myself lucky to have hit upon your blog. You are doing a great work!

    Some times I wonder how old [no offence! ;)] and learned you are as you provide so many links and references about the material which you quote in your blog. Now I am regular here.

    Keep up the good work!

    PS: I tried my best to find any link like ‘about this blog’ or ‘contact me’, so I am communicating with you via this comment.Did I miss it?? I would be nice if you could leave behind a beacon unless otherwise you prefer anonymity.

    Vande Mataram
    Rohit Shankar Mahajan

  6. samadhyayi said, on December 7, 2010 at 12:17 pm

    this is frontline folks.

  7. Galeo Rhinus said, on December 30, 2010 at 10:19 pm

    NGOs are liberal missionaries pursuing a liberal paradigm. Not unlike Christian missionaries who build hospitals and schools – liberal missionaries also create a facade of “progress” to a “backward” nation.

    In the 1830s, some Indians were seduced by missionary activities… today there is a “choice”… be seduced by the “right” or be seduced by the “left”

  8. […] important sections of Indian media will provide Top down cover. On ground, bottom up, Christian activists will help and enable Communist fighters under the cover of helping the poor. Simultaneously […]

  9. HinduIDF said, on January 23, 2011 at 4:07 pm

    Great..Keep it up.Keep exposing what every indian needs to know..Good Job

  10. saurav said, on January 23, 2011 at 9:13 pm

    I just saw your blog. Your view and world politics and situation is truly brilliant and your blog is just great.
    My Twitter ID is @bhasinusc . I will be a regular to your great blog from now on. Do let me know if you need any help from me to contribute.

  11. Ranger said, on February 3, 2011 at 6:31 am

    Great blog dude. I only came across your blog today and have spent the last 2 hours reading your blog archives. You are doing a great job.

  12. […] right people end up following the western conservative prescriptions. They dont realize that the liberalist west, conservative west, libertarian west conjoin through the entity of church. Among the secular […]

  13. […] not completely control the industry. Propoganda myth creation citing selective charity work by the NGOs and the likes of Bill Gates go on though there is ample evidence on how he treated Microsoft […]

  14. Anuraag Sanghi said, on August 24, 2011 at 4:41 pm

    This was post was linked describing me as

    paranoid right-wing blogger who sees an international conspiracy any time an NGO works on human rights or climate change. The ‘foreign hand’ is now an equal opportunity bogeyman.

    QED – 500 years (1492-1992) of Imperial European history – of genocide, loot, slavery, crime, piracy is paranoia.

  15. admin said, on September 11, 2011 at 3:17 pm

    A February 2004 post from Tehelka, well researched and documented that documented State-Church plans for India.

  16. admin said, on March 19, 2012 at 1:17 pm

  17. Ashaya R Kulla said, on June 22, 2012 at 12:45 pm

    NGOs are being used by donors as a tool to control minds of people of India. Please read the following to understand the effect :

    Neocolonism (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neocolonialism)
    Confessions of an Economic Hit Man (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_an_Economic_Hit_Man)

    • Anuraag Sanghi said, on June 22, 2012 at 12:54 pm

      Someone was kind enough to send me a link for the video.

      Nothing new that I had not covered earlier – but to hear someone say it was finally shocking.

  18. admin said, on October 18, 2012 at 6:44 pm

  19. […] אז אספתי כמה לינקים: האתר הבינלאומי בנושא שקיפות: מידע על מימון פוליטי אתר הכנסת: התמודדות חוקית של מדינות עם חובת הגילוי של מקורות מימון  זרים המרכז הבינלאומי לחקיקה בנושא עמותות: חוקים בינלאומיים והמלצות מעשיות זכויות אדם ו-NGO פעילות גורמי NGO בהודו […]

  20. admin said, on January 8, 2013 at 7:15 pm


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 1,054 other followers

%d bloggers like this: