India’s Future: Not leaders! Not Institutions! Then How Will India’s Future Emerge?

Posted in British Raj, History, India, Indo Pak Relations, Islamic Demonization, Pax Americana by Anuraag Sanghi on September 11, 2012

In a short thirty years, the greatest empire in world history had been humbled. In less than 70 years, they are back.

The boycott of Simon Commission by Indian negotiators sounded the death knell of the British Raj in India. (Cartoonist - David Low (1891-1963) Published - Evening Standard, 11 Feb 1928). Click for larger image.

The boycott of Simon Commission by Indian negotiators sounded the death knell of the British Raj in India. (Cartoonist – David Low (1891-1963) Published – Evening Standard, 11 Feb 1928). Click for larger image.

Rock & A Hard Place

Between 1916, when Lokmanya BG Tilak, declared ‘Swaraj is my birthright’ to Atlee’s announcement of British withdrawal, in February 1946, in a short thirty years, the greatest empire in world history had been humbled.

In less than 70 years, they are back.

While we discuss, argue, shout, scream, talk, negotiate

Anglo-American forces today control Af-Pak region. The Indian Government and the people of India see Pakistan, an Anglo-American agent, as its prime rival – instead of the Anglo-American patrons as the root cause.

In the last 20 years, India has lowered guard considerably – and unless, this direction is reversed swiftly, the Indian Nation maybe in peril.

In the last 12 years

It has become common in Indian media to promote colonial ‘contribution’ in the building of modern India.

With memory dim, for India’s Y2K generation, Indian poverty after colonialism, the food and clothing shortages are only stories. The context forgotten, India’s Y2K generation is being shoe-horned into blindness, by a shouting brigade.

Led by the ‘intellectuals’ like ‘Lord’ Meghnad Desai, Amartya Sen, or Indian origin journalists with global-Western media like Sadanand Dhume, or hoax journalism like Andy Mukherjee or lazy writers in the mould of Krittivas Mukherjee, aided by Indo-Western academics like Jagdish Bhagwati, Rafiq Zakaria, etc.

Within India itself, this shouting brigade has a large following, too many to name or count.

To illustrate this point,

The ritual murder of Pakistani polity by the Pakistani army (Democracy in Pakistan By Olle Johansson, Sweden; courtesy - blackcommentator.com.).

The ritual murder of Pakistani polity by the Pakistani army. (Democracy in Pakistan By Olle Johansson, Sweden; courtesy – blackcommentator.com.). Click for larger image.

India has a constitution; Pakistan has editions. These are the various Pakistani constitutions: 1935 (secular), 1956 (federal), 1962 (dictatorial), 1973 (parliamentary), 1979 (Islamic), 1999 (presidential), 2008 (parliamentary). Why do they keep changing and searching? Muslims keep trying to hammer in Islamic bits into a set of laws that is actually quite complete. This is the Government of India Act of 1935, gifted to us by the British. (via What ails Kashmir? The Sunni idea of ‘azadi’ – Columns – livemint.com).

Birth of a Nation

To this school of commentariat, Indian Constituent Assembly counts for nothing.

The Constituent Assembly, which included at least 50% of the Indian political leadership and their work over 25,000 man-hours, amount to nothing. Or the Indian contribution to the making of the Government of India Act of 1935, itself.

In a short period of less than 30 months, India wrote and implemented its constitution. It has been been a rather pliable constitution getting amended a number of times – and yet has been upheld and respected by all the extensions of the State. Britain enacted The Government of India Act, first in 1919 and then in 1935. Some Indians have claimed the Indian Constitution is nothing original – but based on The Government of India Act, 1935, by the British Raj.

The wonder is not any document. It is in making it work.

What matters to Indians are not declarations of belief – but hard, real actions. In the words of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, ‘what counts is conduct, not belief’. American declaration of independence talked of ‘all men are created equal’ and promptly became the biggest importer of slaves in the history of the world.

For how long will our glitterati, chatterati, papparazzi, intelligentsia, cognoscenti, continue with this bilge.

Just the two of us!

At this stage it maybe worthwhile to revisit the record of Republican Democracy.

In the last 250 years,  just 6 countries succeeded with Republican democracy without a significant breakdown in the first 50 years. Of the six, Sri Lanka (pop. 200 lakhs) Switzerland (pop. 80 lakhs), Israel (pop. 75 lakhs) and Singapore (pop. 50 lakhs) are tiny countries to generate any valuable data, models, norms or precedents. In any other day, age and society, the republican-democracy model would have been laughed off – and not studied by millions.

America became one of the first successful republican democracies – from 1789, when George Washington became the first elected President of USA. 70 years later, the strains were showing – North versus South. America was on the verge of Civil War – the main cause of which was the desire of the Southern states to remain independent (due to tariff issues) or at best as a loose confederation – not a federal union (actually slavery was a side issue).

The reason why India’s Republican Democracy works is because Indian genius has made it work. It is the commitment to make the system work, which is why the system is working.

Though some may cavil about how well (?) it works!

Meeting of minds

In the period between 1916 to 1946, India developed a national consensus and agenda.

On many subjects there was no political or even popular leadership. For instance, in 1944, Indian businessmen, in the middle of WWII, met and started work on an industrial policy for independent India. Or the huge protests by the entire Indian nation against the Red Fort Trials of the INA.

Of greater significance was the meeting that Gandhiji called in November 1947. This meeting was to happen in February of 1948. On January 30th, 1948, Gandhiji was assassinated. But Gandhiji’s co-workers went ahead and organized the meeting at Sevagram, Wardha, between March 11-March 14 1948 (alternate date (PDF) is March 13-15, 1948).

Gandhi is Gone: Who Will Guide Us Now? edited by Gopalkrishna Gandhi. (is a) remarkable book (that) is a record of introspection amongst Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr Rajendra Prasad, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Vinoba Bhave, J B Kripalani, Jayaprakash Narayan and others, at Sevagram in March 1948.

They had been charged by the Mahatma to consider the type of institutions India would need for its development and what should be the role and structure of the Congress party. Nations are ill-served when their institutions fail to evolve to fit their needs. The questions the Mahatma had posed in 1948 have become burning issues again.

via Who will lead us now? Institutions waiting for leaders who will bring them back from the brink and win citizens’ trust – The Economic Times.

Much was discussed – and powerful figures like Vinoba Bhave and Jayaprakash Narayen decided to work from within and and outside the system. With no constitution, without a Parliament, without elections, India was being governed by a British administrator, at Indian request, to provide continuum, from the Raj to a sovereign India. From these discussions was born the Vinoba Bhave’s Bhoodan movement – and Jaya Prakash Narayen’s Sarvodaya movement.

Without the power of the State, these movements worked on the power of suasion – and were powerful movements till the Bombay High generation took over the country, in 1975.

Unlike Pakistan

This ‘gift of the British’ to us Indians is a public document.

If it’s value is so apparent, why have others not been able to take advantage of it. The same British, gave the same document to the Pakistan also. So, this claim that Indian Constitution, Indian democracy, even the British nation are a British ‘gift, is not only incorrect and illogical. Immaterial too!

This a claim not even worth examining, since this Government of India Act, 1935, has been in public domain for more than 75 years. Pakistan had all the rights to it. Apart from India – and to how many other colonies in the world, I have never counted..

Why could Pakistan do nothing with it.

In fact Pakistan’s Constituent Assembly dragged this Constitution-making exercise till October 1956.

Is Pakistan A Free State? Cartoon by Zahoor in Daily Times, Pakistan  |  Click for image.

Is Pakistan A Free State? Cartoon by Zahoor in Daily Times, Pakistan | Click for image.

Cut back to 1956 Pakistan

Remember that 1956 was the year of India’s 2nd general election.

Also the year when Pakistan became a republic – and the first constitution of Pakistan was adopted.

Governor General Sahibzada Sayyid Iskander Ali Mirza (a Shia Muslim from Bengal, direct descendant of Mir Jaffer) became the first President of the Pakistani Republic.

Two years later, in October 1958, President Iskander Mirza staged a coup d’état and dismissed the constitution. Shortly afterwards General Ayub Khan deposed Iskandar and declared himself president. These shenanigans started the tradition of Army rule in Pakistan.

To an emerging Pakistan, after a 9 year struggle to write a constitution, two years later, the Army declared that the Constitution was worthless piece of paper. Another Constitution was written in 1962, and then a third.

And a few more after that.

British Governance

For a realistic assessment of the British ‘capability’ to govern, let us look at British misrule in Britain itself.

How could super-power Britain spiral down to bankruptcy, in less than 70 years, after WWII. If their ideas of governance and administration were so good, why could they not save themselves from this slide in fortunes? British ‘capabilities’ in areas of technology, industrial management, academia stands naked and exposed.

It is the British mindset itself that may need examination to understand this decline!

British Loss of Power

1916 – April 16. BG Tilak declares Swaraj is my birthright; forms Home Rule League at the Bombay Provincial Conference held at Belgaum.

1927 – Indian polity refuses to negotiate with Simon Commission.

1930 – Bhagat Singh displays disinterest in the legal outcome of his trial.

1944 – India’s leading industrialists come together (Bombay Club) and make an economic-plan document for an India which was yet to be born; for a government that was yet to be formed.

1946 – Naval Ratings raise the Indian Flag of independence.

1947 – Britain out of India

Managing the Indian State

The Indian State today, like its Desert Bloc’s cousins, is getting entangled in my marriage, in my sex life, in my monetary affairs, in my disputes with my neighbors, in my housing layout, in my sewage, in my garbage.

Why? Get out of my life.

Instead, we the people must set a clear agenda for the government. And the Top-3 items on  are

  1. defence
  2. Defence

15 Responses

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  1. senthil said, on September 11, 2012 at 12:48 pm


    the only reason why indian constitution worked is because majority of our people are apolitical, and the crooks and rascals who drafted the constitution were already westernised.. But still within them, a bulk of people opposed this constitution, and Nehru cheated them that it can be updated in future as we want..

    My questions on this constitution:
    1. First, any elections conducted under british rule is VOID and INVALID.. So the representatives of such election, writing constitution is itself wrong.

    2. Is this constitution explained to the common masses by the so called Representatives, in their respective constituencies? Never.

    3. Is this constitution Ratified? NO..

    4. Does this constitution represented any of Indian Ethos? Never..

    5. Is this constitution Original? No.. a plagiarised one.. a bulk of 1935.. if we are to retain all british laws, then what is the point of getting freedom from Britishers.. This is like saying, the person who arrested me had left me, but the rope he tied around me still exists.. is this freedom?

    Still, the reason this constitution worked in india is because Majority of Indians are Apolitical, and focussed towards their culture and family..

    Your eulogising the so called indian constitution is meaningless.. whatever constitution was in place, it would have worked..

    • Anuraag Sanghi said, on September 11, 2012 at 1:19 pm
      Senthil – I presume you are interested in taking a 2ndlook. If you are sure about your ideas and comfortable with your theory set, I am OK, too.

      I have a question.

      Before the question, look at the situation.

      We have one neighbour China, which today has the world’s largest manufacturing capacity.

      We have Anglo-Americans controlling Af-Pak at India’s borders.

      We have Christian missionaries waging a demographic war in North East, AP and TN.

      India has the largest gold reserves (private+public) in the world. That makes us the richest economy in the world. Ripe for loot and plunder.

      Now the question.

      How do you suggest we build capacity to defend India against threatening neighbourhood?

      • panduranghari said, on September 11, 2012 at 3:23 pm

        How do you suggest we build capacity to defend India against threatening neighbourhood?

        1. Need to understand the ‘Dharma’. Democracy is a alien culture imposed on us. Our Sanskruti with the benefit of hindsight can act as our best defence. We, referring to HIndus here, need to awaken to the reality of the threat posed by islam and christianity. Only if Allaudin Khilji or Mahamud Ghori would have been dealt with a heavy hand and instead of releasing them were they summarily executed, we would not have faced the continuing onslaught of Islamic hordes. We were fighting against aliens on an uneven playing field. We were fighting on Dharmic principles, Islamic tyrrants were not.
        This hindsight is very useful to remember. We need to never forget this lest its repeated again.

        2. Dharma also incorporates the varnas. Brits divided us on Jatis. That was a severely regressive step. We need to understand where we come from, only then we will know where we are going.

        3. Late but not never, we are building up military might. A strong military will protect us from external threats.

        Who will protect us from internal threats? We have to wake up. Our institutions as you have pointed out have clearly not lived up to their ideals. The Hindus are themselves reponsible for finding themselves where they are today and the country is because of them being ignorami.

      • senthil said, on September 11, 2012 at 7:31 pm


        My reply was specific about the constitution part of your article.. You said constitution worked beautifully in india which helped it regain its position.. My stance was that by imposing such an alien constitution, completely hostile to our society, even the normal growth of our country has been stalled..

        If you ask me on suggestion to defend india, that’s entirely a different issue to discuss.. For now, my finding is that very base of india doesnt represent our civilization..

        • Anuraag Sanghi said, on September 11, 2012 at 9:00 pm
          @Senthil –

          It is as I feared! I am talking about grave national threats – and you are stuck on an alien constitution? Are we in the same country, facing the same threats.

          You said constitution worked beautifully in india

          Can you point out where I said this. I have not used the words beauty, beautiful, beautifully anywhere.

          Your needless sarcasm is entirely irrelevant. You are free to disagree – and even voice your disagreement. It is also OK if you do not wish to take a 2ndlook. I am not seeking to convince or persuade.

          So, please cut out your sarcasm.

          by imposing such an alien constitution, completely hostile to our society

          Are you going by the merit of the mechanism or condemning it because it is alien. It is very similar to the Desert Bloc idea. If something is not permitted by the Holy Book, it is alien, and should not be ‘allowed.’

          normal growth of our country has been stalled.

          Pls give your data.

          As I see it, India from being at the bottom of the pool has become the 4th largest economy in the world.

          Going by 2ndlook method of using gold reserves as a measure of country’s wealth, India is already the richest in the world. So, you have no facts – except your loyalty to the ‘ancient’ – but not merit.

          I would be happy to examine your data on normal growth has been stalled.

          suggestion to defend india, that’s entirely a different issue to discuss..

          I think this is central to India.

          All other questions are subordinate to this. The Constitution of India is also a tool. A time will come when this Constitution of India will be junked, because it no longer meets our requirements. That may happen in the 25-50 years at the earliest – or maybe this Constitution of India will work for the next 75-100 years.

          My opening and closing paragraphs were about the external threats to and defence of India. So, the Constitution of India must be measured and made to deliver on that count.

          First and only.

          my finding is that very base of india doesnt represent our civilization..

          So, what represents India?

          What according to you represents India that will deliver a State that delivers better on India defence. I have examined in my earlier posts, how Bharattantra developed different military models across War Elephants, Chariots, Cavalry, Wootz Steel, Gunpowder – all of which were unrivalled in the world in that respective era.

          Bharattantra will need to deliver that again.

          The basics of Bharattantra will not change – but the mode of implementation will change.

          Parashurama implemented Bharattantra by the massacre of Kshatriyas. Raghu Ramachandra implemented Bharattantra by dismantling Asuric kingdom of Ravana. Yadu Krishna implemented Bharattantra by killing rulers who were rampantly imprisoning people – like Kamsa, Narakasura, Jarasandha. Gupta and Maurya kingdoms also worked on temporary centralization to counter foreign threats.

          This era in Kaliyuga will need to implement Bharattantra in way that deliver security to India. There cannot be any other method of measuring the effectiveness of the Government.

          • senthil said, on September 12, 2012 at 4:02 am


            You have given in to western benchmarks to evaluate india.. If i am NOT wrong, the 4th largest economy, is based on dollar standards.. and an economy, built out of Asuric Model…

            how many indigenous industries were part of this largest economy? Right from the start of the Supposed Independance, every native industry is sytematically destroyed in favor of Corporates.. Today, native industry is in the brink of collapse..

            Agriculture, which was once commune based, is now individualised and converted in to business.. we justify this based on Agricultural Production..

            Green Revolution destroyed more than 1 lakh rice varieties..

            White revolution had made many native cow varieties extinct.. now remaining at the verge of extinction..

            The institutions set up by government had always been for Industries and Corporates.. Has any one institution in india, ever researched on how to improve our native industries?

            The societal composition is systematically destroyed.. Once a communities collectively manufactured goods.. instead of empowering them with technology, the government went on Abolishing them, converting them in to Industrial Slaves..

            So what is there to feel proud in claiming being 4th largest economy? the ausric economy, by asuric model?

            I often repeat this statement.. The India you talk about resides only in 4 metros and probably few cities.. the rest of the bharath are systematically dis-mantled.. Hundreds of Gramas, destroyed to build Noida Township.. thousands of gramas dis-mantled to build express high ways, to connect these metros of India.. Nuclear power plant in “Rural Areas”, to safe gaurd people from cities.. the government openly declaring that india has to be urbanised on western models..

            So down the line, after 20 years, what would india be? Will there be any continuity of our past civilization, except for the name and identity? Is there any connection b/w the metros of india and the 5000 year civilization of bharat tantra?

            The Constitution that we have now is written by people handpicked by britishers, and which they can manipulate to their advantage.. that is what happened all these days.. and that is why india is in total shambles today.. Open for looting.. the policies always framed for foriegn corporates, (Or for Indian Corporates)..

            The state of india today is a direct result of the hostile constitution..

            • A Fan of Your Blog said, on September 12, 2012 at 2:49 pm


              I agree with your thoughts completely. Democracy is a failure across the world. It is supposed to be participatory, but is far from it. It concentrates power into the hands of a few, who then abuse it. Examples galore!

              What makes it especially horrible for India is that the common man cannot identify with this concept at all. That is also the reason that all forms of public organizations: legislative, judiciary, bureaucracy are in shambles and nothing ever gets done. I also agree that the constitution is so alien that no one takes the time to read or understand it. Even the judicial systems operate on a sense of fairness which exists in the minds of the people, and not by the book or the law of the land.

              You have provided some great examples of how we are losing who we are and becoming westernized quickly. Corporations like Monsanto raped and plundered America and now are doing the same to India. Somehow, this has become our definition of progress. Every human being is treated as a “resource” to either make things or buy things.


              Your assertions of India being the richest, etc. are repetitive and tiresome. You quote GDP, but what about GDP per capita? If you wish to use western concepts, please at least use them fully. Also, please call a spade a spade. What about what ails the common man? What about inflation? What about misgovernance? Are your “glass full” analogies realistic? Time to take a reality check.

            • Nobody said, on September 12, 2012 at 6:47 pm

              Senthil, your concerns are well understood, shared and appreciated. But the bigger question is – we are in this situation, right here right now, where do we go from here, what should be done? The focus is not what coulda, shoulda, woulda. How and why we are in this mess is important to understand. But we cannot allow that post-mortem research to distract us from coming up with strategies for future. For that we need the kshatriya’s woken up – defense, Defense, DEFENSE! Yes, we are stuck in the asuric models, which controls even the terminology of our discourse.

              the government openly declaring that india has to be urbanised on western models

              Yes, if NaMo becomes PM we can expect this to happen at a rate faster than ever before. We can see signs of this in the recent support for NaMo from foreign asuric journals and politicians. They need markets for their asuric models, which they believe NaMo can provide better than our corrupt socialists. This is “development”, hopefully with good governance. Ironically in our current situation we will need this vaishya “development” and their wealth to kick start some bold new defense initiatives. If we can manage to not get entirely sucked into the dark side… We have lost significantly huge amount of time – hope it is not too late.

              • A Fan of Your Blog said, on September 12, 2012 at 8:13 pm

                I agree with you about the adoption of asuric model. What is missing is a fuller development and description of a model that deviates from the asuric model. Till a parallel yet better model is built for today’s day and age, we will not have a parallel method of economy and governance. This model will also need to eliminate the points of failure that we experienced when the previous model had its fair run. Example would be the onslaught of Islam and then later the British.

                And till that point that such a model is developed, we have no choice but to adhere to the asuric model better than everyone else so that we can do what is required to take care of ourselves and our people economically as well as militarily.

                At this point, NaMo is probably the best bet to continue what we have today and do it better than anyone else.

              • Anuraag Sanghi said, on September 12, 2012 at 8:38 pm

                I am so glad that SOMEONE is reading – before hitting the keyboard.

  2. mpr said, on September 11, 2012 at 2:19 pm

    The only reason why India is still functioning inspite of all the scams is because of its Hindu ethos. Remove Hindus from the equation, India will be another Pakistan. This Western style constitution is inimical to Hindu interests.And unless Hindus wake up to the reality of conversions and jihad threatening them, not much will be done and when they wake up it will be too late. That’s the fate of Hindus in Kali Yuga. As such unless Hindus push the govt to make defence a priority, it will never be for the politicians.

  3. A Fan of Your Blog said, on September 12, 2012 at 3:03 pm

    While Defence is clearly a large part of what the government needs to be doing, a much larger part is setting strategies. This will need short term and long term thinking of India’s challenges and problems. To me, it does not seem like there is any alignment of any one on any thing. This is clear from actions (or lack thereof) by parties in government and in opposition. There is no consensus on what’s good or what’s bad. It is one big random experiment, with no controls or thought of any kind whatsoever.

    What we need is going back to the drawing board, where we need to debate and determine who we are and whats good for us. Kind of a SWOT analysis at a national level. This will need to be done for foreign policy, economy, etc. Basically, every area of government influence.

    Only then can we think of next steps.

  4. Manu said, on September 14, 2012 at 12:49 pm

    Singapore is more like 20 lakhs instead of 50 lakhs. One of the few countries where foreigners are more than citizens. More than half of the population doesn’t participate in “democracy”. Also maybe not a right example of one anyways in spirit of “democracy”.

  5. Anonymous said, on September 15, 2012 at 2:31 pm

    Hi Anuraag,

    I agree with this post but my question concerns a new development.

    What is your opinion on FDI in retail and what do you think of people like Atanu Dey who are championing it? Do you think he is a plant of vested interests or is just too blinded by the ideology of “free markets” to see that there is no such thing and how they unfold on the ground? I know that you have commented on him in the past but I wanted to know your opinion on this specific issue.

    Thanks, Keep up the excellent work.

  6. http://aibf.in/ said, on October 22, 2015 at 5:21 pm


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